|David Reiling of Sunrise Banks and Faruk Daudbasic of First Eagle Bank lead a discussion of balancing mission with margin.|
The Community Development Bankers Association (CDBA) held its annual Peer Forum, a two day roundtable discussion featuring conversations between community development bank executives and leading community development finance experts, on April 30th and May 1st. This year’s event included discussions led by FDIC chairman Martin Gruenberg and Acting Assistant Secretary for Financial Stability Timothy Bowler.
The meeting, held at the Washington, D.C. office of law firm K&L Gates, was the largest Peer Forum yet with over 50 bankers in attendance from 37 community development banks.
|FDIC Chairman Martin Gruenberg: "Your efforts to serve [low income communities] give you a special place in the financial system of the United States."|
In a wide-ranging discussion, Chairman Gruenberg praised community development banks’ commitment to their social mission and stressed the FDIC’s role in facilitating the banks’ activity. ”Your efforts to serve [low income communities] give you a special place in the financial system of the United States,” Chairman Gruenberg told the bankers. He noted that community development banks “deserve the special attention of bank regulatory agencies because [their] mission is in a fundamental sense a public one as well as a private one.”
In response to inquiries on how the FDIC examiners assess small banks, Gruenberg stressed that FDIC examiners do not consider any one bank asset size ideal and are instructed to defer to banks’ individual discretion. He also addressed findings of the FDIC's recent mobile banking research, urging the bankers to integrate mobile capabilities into their outreach to unbanked populations.
On the second day of the forum, Acting Assistant Secretary for Financial Stability Timothy Bowler engaged the bankers in a conversation on his office's continued efforts to wind down the Capital Purchase Program (CPP) and Community Development Capital Initiative (CDCI) programs. He encouraged input from the assembled bankers on the resolution of the fund, stressing that he hoped to find a way to dispose the assets in a way that both maximizes returns to taxpayers while also keeping Community Banks healthy. “We want to help facilitate your business of making loans in your communities. We want to see you fulfill the mission of TARP by carrying out your mission,” Bowler said....
The National Community Investment Fund's Banking Industry Annual Report finds the CDFI banking sector leads the rest of the banking industry in both amount of lending in low income areas and number of branches in low income communities. The analysis found that CDFI Banks provide 58.7% of their home mortgage lending to distressed communities, while non-CDFIs provide 23.8%. CDFI banks locate 75% of their branches in distressed communities, compared to 50% for non-CDFIs. The report also noted the increasing health of the sector, finding that 52 of the 75 CDFI Banks included in their analysis had a positive ROAA, and 52 reported positive net income.
A $495,000 grant from the Federal Home Loan Bank of Dallas made through BankPlus to the Housing Authority of the City of Canton, Mississippi will assist 45 low-income homeowners make critical home repairs. This is the latest Affordable Housing Program Grant made through BankPlus. In 2013, the bank facilitated $745,000 in the grants, supporting the creation or rehabilitation of 70 housing units. "The Housing Authority staff has been working diligently to not just obtain repairs for Canton residents' homes, but to identify contractors who will provide quality work and address the long-term needs of homeowners," said Mark Ouellette, BankPlus vice president. "BankPlus is serious about being a good neighbor in our communities."
New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio has announced $8.2 billion in public funds for a 10-year housing plan aimed at providing affordable homes to thousands of low- to middle-income residents. The mayor intends to require developers to include affordable units in residential projects being developed in newly rezoned areas around the city. Mr. de Blasio said that with $2.9 billion in state and federal money and more than $30 billion the city expects to attract in private funds, the projected investment to create and maintain affordable units will total more than $41.1 billion over 10 years. But there could be a downside — the requirement can reduce profits and dissuade developers from building.
Promontory Financial Group is sponsoring the Empowerment Awards to highlight the good work of CDFIs and others that support access to safe, fair financial services in underserved communities. The awards will recognize projects in two categories: The Community Development Banking category for CDFI banks and the Access category for financial and technology firms with less than $10 billion in assets. Prizes will include five pro bono consultations with senior Promontory officials on strategic and regulatory issues, as well as a financial prize of $100,000. CDFIs chosen in either category will receive the financial prize as a direct grant. Applications will be accepted until May 31, 2014. More information is available at www.empowerment.promontory.com.
A U.S. grand jury has subpoenaed a company that the Federal Trade Commission has said is at the center of a deceptive payday lending scheme. The grand jury is looking at possible violations of statutes covering wire fraud, money laundering and racketeering. The FTC lawsuit accuses the companies and Tucker of deceptive practices, including failing to disclose to borrowers the true costs of loans and falsely threatening consumers with arrest or prosecutions if they failed to pay. In a complaint filed in April 2012, the FTC said AMG and its allegedly related companies operate online payday lenders, including 500FastCash, AmeriLoan and USFastCash.
The Senate Banking Committee is continuing negotiations on legislation to overhaul Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, but it remains unclear when panel leaders will reschedule a vote on the bill. Committee Chairman Tim Johnson (D-S.D.) and Sen. Mike Crapo (R-Idaho) postponed the vote to win additional support within the committee. Supporters hope the bill will attract several more Democrats to the coalition, showing the support necessary to bring the bill to the Senate floor. Failing that, Johnson and Crapo may choose to pass the bill out of the committee without hope of seeing it on the Senate floor simply to set a milestone for later debate. A third possibility: the vote could be postponed indefinitely and the bill allowed to die in committee.
As the peer-to-peer lending industry matures, the big financial firms peer-to-peer had set out to bypass have come to dominate the industry's investor pool. More than 80 percent of the loans issued on peer-to-peer marketplace Prosper went to those firms. The big players’ entry runs counter to the original notion of the sector as a populist alternative to the high stakes world of Wall Street. The original investors are now outgunned by the cash-rich, algorithm-wielding financial firms. Like high-frequency trading, peer-to-peer lending has become a game of speed. The dynamics taking shape — high demand for riskier loan categories, hedge funds leveraging and securitizing their investments — have inspired comparisons to the mortgage crisis.
The Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco's latest issue of Community Investments focuses on the theme of collective action -- the model of change in which various sectors coordinate efforts and share resources in pursuit of social, economic and environmental goals. Articles included explore best practices for building cross-sector partnerships, methods of structuring coalitions, findings from the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Sustainable Communities Initiative and several case studies of applied collective action initiatives in California.
In remarks to the Independent Community Bankers of America 2014 Washington Policy Summit, Fed Chairwoman Janet Yellen addressed the regulatory challenges they face. She said the Fed would "tailor" the regulator's oversight of community banks to ensure they don't face an unfair burden. Yellen also said the Fed is working to use technology make examinations of community banks less disruptive and burdensome. She also adressed the role she sees for community banks in the economy. "I believe a healthy financial system relies on institutions of different sizes performing a variety of functions and serving different needs," Yellen said.